Fighting gum problems

You do not have cavities, but something is not all right. Your gums are always swollen, you experience gingival bleeding on teeth brushing and you notice that the gums are withdrawing and the root is getting more and more visible.

These are clear signs that you are experiencing gingival problems that, although not as serious as dental ones, can do much more harm. It all starts with bleeding while brushing. Then with a persistent gum swelling – a sign that gingivitis is starting to make way.

From here on, serious symptoms appear, such as shifting teeth and finally they begin falling out. Do not waste precious time waiting for it to go away by itself, check with our dentist. Don’t lose hope, there are some solutions to these gingival issues.

Evolution and treatment of periodontitis

The early stages of periodontitis

It all starts with gum bleeding, which is becoming more and more frequent, harder to ignore. It continues with gum swelling, which become inflamed and red. Often patients assume that this is related to something they eat or weather conditions and don’t call a dentist.

It’s very important for the patient to come to the dentist as soon as possible in order to be able to stop the evolution of paradontal disease more easily.

The advanced stages of paradontosis

Evolution of paradontosis disease is manifested by teeth that begin to shift. This is the most obvious sign that bacterial infection has penetrated the tooth, making it loose from the gum. The infection is now moving deeper into the root, forming paradonical bags. Already at this stage, the teeth affected by the paradontosis become difficult to save.

Because of the paradonical bags, the mandible bone becomes weaker and unable to hold the teeth. When the teeth begin to fall, all that can be done is to stop the paradontosis evolution, not to damage the entire denture, and to replace the lost teeth.

Solutions for gingival retraction

Another problem of the gum is the gingival retraction. That is gum that descends lower on the tooth, making visible some parts of the root that would normally have to be hidden. In addition to having an unpleasant appearance, gingival retraction causes sensitivity to hot, sweet, or brushing. Left untreated, it can evolve into periodontitis. Treatment of gingival retraction depends largely on its cause:

  • If it is caused by too aggressive brushing, you will have to rethink the way you care for your teeth.
  • If retraction is a consequence of periodontal disease, complete dental scaling and professional brushing should be performed to remove the causative factors
  • If the retraction is due to faulty teeth positioning, orthodontic treatment is recommended
  • For advanced gingival retractions, gingival remodelling (gingival grafting) can be used to cover exposed areas at the base of a tooth with a gingival graft.

FAQ about peridontology

First of all, periodontitis occurs due to dental care, which favours the deposition of tartar and bacterial plaque. Even if you wash your teeth 2 times a day, certain factors may favour this gingival condition, namely prolonged stress, a weakened immune system, eating foods that predispose to gum inflammation and smoking.

In addition, if one of your parents has suffered from periodontitis, there is a chance that your gums will be more prone to inflammation and infection, so you must be very rigorous in observing oral hygiene and go to regular check-ups.

We recommend professional hygiene before starting any dental treatment, especially surgical or implantology.

Professional hygiene should be performed once every 6 months normally. There are exceptions. If you have dental work or implants every 4 months. Smokers should resort to professional hygiene every 3 months.

The most important measure to prevent this disease is a well-done dental hygiene. Also, regular professional prophylaxis measures are quite important.

Quitting smoking is recommended because this is a major risk factor for periodontal disease. Those who smoke have a 7 times higher risk than non-smokers to suffer from periodontal disease.

Stress is also a contributing factor as it reduces the immune system’s ability to fight infections, including periodontal disease. From here we come to the problem of teeth grinding that puts pressure on the teeth’s support tissues and accelerates the eroding process. It is recommended to act in the direction of reducing stress.

Smokers are 4 times more exposed to periodontal diseases. This happens because smoking favours the appearance of bacterial plaque, and dental plaque leads to the appearance of dental problems and gum inflammation.

Tobacco causes narrowing of blood vessels, blood circulation being reduced by 70% in the mouth, and also salivary capacity is reduced. Likewise, the salivary pH decreases. Saliva has the role of neutralizing acidic foods and protecting dental enamel, and therefore affecting the amount and PH of saliva, we expose our entire oral cavity to many problems.


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